NASW Ohio Chapter offers a 9-hour supervision course specifically designed to help you get your supervision designation. You can also earn 3-hour ethics and supervision credits at many NASW Ohio Chapter workshops. Find a workshop here.
Supervision Models & Resources
Written Understandings and Agreements
NASW’s Guidelines for Clinical Social Work Supervision (1994) suggests that agreements address several key issues:
- Supervisory Context: Spell out the purposes and objectives of the supervision, which staff will provide supervision, and any unique supervision methods that will be used (for example, audio or video recordings).
- Learning Plan: Identify specific learning goals. Identify any specific bodies of knowledge and skills that will be a priority.
- Format and Schedule: Clarify how often supervision will take place, as well as the location, duration, and format.
- Individual or group supervision
- Will supervisor be available by telephone or e-mail
- Specific supervision techniques that will be used, such as process recordings, role playing, viewing through one-way mirrors, or audio or video recordings
- Accountability: Nature of the supervisor’s authority within the context of supervision. Will the supervisor prepare performance evaluations, provide recommendations for supervisee’s license, or sign case records or other forms?
- Conflict Resolution: Define the procedures used to address conflicts or disagreements between supervisors and supervisees.
- Compensation: If supervisors will be paid for their services, state who is responsible for payment, terms of payment, and mutual obligations and rights of each party.
- Client Notification: Provisions for notifying clients that supervision is taking place, the nature of information that will be shared, and the supervisor’s name and affiliation.
- Duration and Termination: Indicate time frame and procedures for termination.
The supervisor’s role is to ensure that supervisees keep records that conform to agency procedures. Record keeping is important to the ongoing function of the agency and to sustain record of client’s contact and services received. Record keeping is often tied to funding. If supervisee, supervisor, or agency becomes involved in a legal action, the record can be a crucial defense against allegations—often the only proof of what took place is the written record. Primary reason for documentation should be for good clinical care. Beyond the agency requirements, supervisors and practitioners should consider records from two perspectives: legal liability and personal use. According to Munson, a good record should contain the following:
- Signed informed consents for all treatment
- Signed informed consents for all transmission of confidential information
- Any treatment contracts
- Notation of all treatment contacts and significant information and actions regarding the contact (including face-to-face and telephone contacts with clients, client relatives, and others)
- Notations of failed or cancelled appointments
- Notations of supervision and consultation contacts
- All correspondence and record of contacts with other professionals
- A complete social history or initial database, including past and present evaluations and treatment, a medical history, and record of a current physical examination
- A diagnostic assessment or statement, which should be reviewed, revised, and documented periodically
- A list of all medications the person is currently taking
- A record of the practitioner’s basis for assessment made and the treatment provided
- Notations of suggestions, instructions, referrals, or directives made to the client and whether they were followed
- The practitioner’s informal notes, including such items as
- Speculation about client dynamics
- Impressions about the course of treatment
- Problems resolved
- Problems being worked on
- Problems to be worked on in the future
- Projections about termination, and summary of perceptions of significant treatment session dynamics
- A treatment plan that is updated every 90 days, including
- Client problems
- Short-and long-term goals (stated in observable and measurable form)
- Notation of dates of goals, and signatures of client, therapist, and supervisor
Munson, C.E. (2001) Handbook of Clinical Social Work Supervision. New York: Hawthorne Press
4757-23-01 Social work supervision: This rule applies to all social work assistants; to all social workers employed in a private practice, partnership, or group practice; to all social workers engaged in social psychotherapy; and to all social workers seeking licensure as independent social workers.
(A) Definitions of Social Work Supervision:
(1) "Clinical supervision" of social workers performing social psychotherapy and social workers employed in a private practice, partnership, or group practice means the quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the supervisee’s performance; professional guidance to the supervisee; approval of the supervisee’s intervention plans and their implementation; the assumption of responsibility for the welfare of the supervisee’s clients; and assurance that the supervisee functions within the limits of their license. The assessment, diagnosis, treatment plan, revisions to the treatment plan and transfer or termination shall be cosigned by the supervisor and shall be available to the board upon request.
(2) "Training supervision" means supervision for the purposes of obtaining a license and/or development of new areas of proficiency while providing services to clients. Training supervision may be individual supervision or group supervision.
(a) "Individual supervision" means face-to-face contact between a supervisor and an individual supervisee in a private session wherein the supervisor and supervisee deal with problems unique to the practice of that supervisee.
(b) "Group supervision" means face-to-face contact between a supervisor and a small group (not to exceed six supervisees) in a private session wherein practice problems are dealt with that are similar in nature and complexity to all supervisees in the group.
(B) Clinical Supervision Requirements:
(1) A social worker engaged in social psychotherapy in an agency setting shall be supervised by an independent social worker, a professional clinical counselor, a psychologist, a psychiatrist or a registered nurse with a Master’s degree with a specialty in psychiatric nursing.
(2) A social worker working as an employee of a partnership, group or private practice shall be supervised in all practice of social work by a supervisor listed in paragraph (B)(1) of this rule.
(C) Training supervision of licensed social workers by licensed independent social workers with a supervision designation requires the supervisor to:
(1) Have demonstrated competence in the area in which they are supervising;
(2) Have training in supervision theory and practice;
(3) Have training in legal and ethical issues relevant to counseling, psychosocial interventions and social psychotherapy;
(4) Complete and forward to the board all supervision evaluation forms required by the board within thirty days of receipt of the form from a supervisee.
(D) Requirements for social work professional training supervision to qualify for licensure as an independent social worker:
(1) One hour of individual or group supervision for each twenty hours of work by the supervisee.
(2) Employment experience obtained after October 10, 1986, that is required for licensure as an independent social worker, shall be supervised by a independent social worker.
(3) Records of training supervision shall be maintained by the supervisee and made available to the board upon request. The supervision records shall contain information concerning the dates of supervision, content and goals of supervision. The supervisor shall sign the supervision records at least quarterly to document their review.
(4) No business relationship for profit between a supervisor and a supervisee except as an employee of said supervisor if the experience is to be counted toward the fulfillment of the licensure requirement unless a specific exemption has been granted in writing by the committee prior to the beginning of the training experience.
(5) There shall be no direct family relationship between the supervisor and the supervisee if the experience is to be counted toward the fulfillment of the licensure requirement.
(6) Certification that the requirements of this rule have been met shall be submitted by the applicant on a form designated by the board at time of licensure application.
(7) If the training supervision is occurring in Ohio, the supervisee and the supervisor shall be licensed in Ohio.
(E) Requirements for social work professional training in supervision to qualify for a supervisory designation:
(1) After September 1, 2008, only independent social workers who have obtained a supervisory designation shall provide training supervision.
(a) Applicants for supervisory designation after September 1, 2008 shall apply on forms required by the board and shall document at least the following requirements.
(i) One year post licensure experience as an independent social worker; and
(ii) Training in supervision of at least nine hours of continuing education in committee approved supervision programs or one master’s level supervision course, which shall be completed as follows: between the date the applicant received the independent social worker and the date the applicant is applying for the supervision designation using continuing education training; or complete a master’s level supervision course from an accredited university within the last three years.
(b) The board shall waive the requirements in paragraphs (D)(1)(a)(i) and (D)(1)(a)(ii) of this rule for existing licensed independent social workers who apply prior to September 1, 2008 for the supervisory designation.
(2) All supervising independent social workers shall maintain supervisory status by obtaining three hours of social workers professional standards committee approved continuing professional education in supervision or a master’s level course in supervision each renewal period.
(3) If the minimum of nine hours of academic preparation is continuing education coursework, it shall be board approved. The continuing education coursework in social work training supervision shall include each area as follows:
(a) The coursework shall total nine clock hours of didactic and interactional instruction; and
(b) The coursework shall contain content that satisfies the following learning objectives.
(i) The participant will become familiar with the major models of supervision for social work;
(ii) Gain skills to develop a personal model of supervision, drawn from existing models of supervision;
(iii) Understand the co-evolving dynamics of licensee-client and supervisor-licensee-client relationships;
(iv) Explore distinctive issues that arise in supervision;
(v) Address the contextual variables in practice such as culture, gender, ethnicity, power and economics;
(vi) Become familiar with the ethical, legal and regulatory issues of supervision; and
(vii) Understand the role of evaluation in supervision.
R.C. 119.032 review dates: 09/20/2012
Promulgated Under: 119.03
Statutory Authority: 4757.27
Rule Amplifies: 4757.27
Prior Effective Dates: Eff 5-22-86; 7-3-97; 9-20-02; 9-20-07